In Chapter 8 of NHTSA’s “DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety Testing” Manual is a subsection entitled “Overview of Nystagmus”:
Nystagmus is defined as an involuntary jerking of the eyes. Alcohol and certain other drugs cause Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus.
Categories of Nystagmus
There are three general categories of nystagmus:
1. Vestibular Nystagmus is caused by movement or action to the vestibular system.
2. Nystagmus can also result directly from neural activity.
3. Nystagmus may also be caused by certain pathological disorders.